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各国平安夜传统你都知道吗?果然吃吃吃才是共同的主题......

2018-12-04    澳门银河网上娱乐Insider    【      美国外教 在线口语培训

Everyone has their own Christmas Eve traditions, whether it's making cookies to leave out for Santa or having a feast that lasts until the early hours of Christmas Day.

每个地方都有自己独特的平安夜传统,不管是为圣诞老人制作饼干,还是举办一场狂欢盛宴。
 
Read on to see how much Christmas Eve traditions differ and take inspiration from countries across the globe.
继续往下看看世界上各国不同的平安夜传统吧!说不定还能从中得到灵感。

1. The United States sets out cookies and milk for Santa.
美国人会在平安夜为圣诞老人准备饼干和牛奶。

In the US, families love to set out treats for Santa on Christmas Eve. Most churches also hold candlight services or midnight mass, which often include reenactments of the Nativity.
美国家庭喜欢在平安夜为圣诞老人准备礼物。大多数教堂还会举行烛光仪式或午夜弥撒,通常包括重现耶稣诞生的仪式。

2. Many Canadians open their presents on Christmas Eve.
许多加拿大人会在平安夜打开礼物。

In Canada, families often open presents on Christmas Eve after mass. Others only open one and save the rest for Christmas Day. Many French Canadians have a huge feast after Christmas Eve mass, called a Réveillon, which lasts into the wee hours of Christmas morning.
加拿大家庭通常会在平安夜做完弥撒后打开礼物。有些人会只打开一个,剩下的留到圣诞节当天。许多法裔加拿大人会在平安夜弥撒后举行一场盛大的宴会,他们把它叫做“Réveillon”,这场宴会通常会持续到圣诞节凌晨。
 
3. Russians traditionally fast until evening on Christmas Eve.
按照传统,俄罗斯人会在平安夜一直禁食到晚上。

The fast typically lasts until after evening service or when the stars come out. After the fast, some might eat a traditional Russian dish called kutya. Kutya consists of grains, honey, and poppy seeds, shared from the same bowl to symbolize unity. No meat is allowed. Oftentimes, a house blessing is also part of the Christmas Eve tradition — a priest will sprinkle holy water in each room and pray for everyone to have a safe and blessed year.
禁食通常会持续到晚上的活动结束或者直到星星出现时为止。禁食结束后,有些人可能会吃一种传统的俄罗斯菜“Kutya”,里面有谷物,蜂蜜和罂粟种子。人们会用同一个碗吃,象征着团结。肉类食物是被禁止的。对房子的祝福也常被作为平安夜传统的一部分——牧师会在各个房间里洒上圣水,祈祷每个人在来年都能过得平安幸福。

4. In England, Christmas Day and Boxing Day are more important than Christmas Eve.
在英国,圣诞节和节礼日(每年的12月26日,圣诞节次日或是圣诞节后的第一个星期日)比平安夜更重要。

In England, people often wait out Christmas Eve just to get to Christmas Day and Boxing Day. But as in many other countries, they'll also often attend a church service or midnight mass.
在英国,人们常常会在平安夜等待圣诞节和节礼日的到来。但是和许多其他国家一样,他们当中很多人也会参加教堂礼拜或午夜弥撒。

5. In Spain, families have a huge feast with their loved ones.
在西班牙,家人们会和自己爱的人一起举办一场盛大的宴会。

In Spain, Christmas Eve is called Nochebuena. As part of the celebration, many families have a huge meal together that typically centers around turkey, lamb, or seafood. Catholics in Spain then might attend midnight mass, or Misa del Gallo, to celebrate the birth of Jesus with music consisting of guitars, hand drums, and tambourines.
在西班牙,平安夜被称为“Nochebuena”,许多家庭会一起吃大餐,通常会以火鸡、羊肉或海鲜为主,作为庆祝活动的一部分。西班牙的天主教徒可能会参加午夜弥撒,庆祝耶稣的诞生,仪式的音乐包括吉他、手鼓和铃鼓。
 
6. In France, many families have their Christmas meal, called le Réveillon de Noël, on Christmas Eve.
许多法国家庭会在平安夜吃圣诞大餐(le Réveillon de Noël)。

Similar to French Canadians, most families in France have a huge feast on Christmas Eve. The traditional dinner includes a meat such as duck or goose, as well as side dishes like foie gras and oysters. The meal ends with the Buche de Noël, a rolled sponge cake decorated to look like a Yule log.
跟法裔加拿大人的活动相似,许多法国家庭会在平安夜举行一场盛大的宴会。传统的圣诞大餐会包括一个肉菜,比如鸭肉或鹅肉,以及像鹅肝和牡蛎这样的配菜。晚餐最后会有一个海绵蛋糕卷,看起来酷似一根圣诞柴木。
 
7. Italy celebrates Christmas Eve with the Feast of the Seven Fishes.
意大利会以“七鱼盛宴”大餐来庆祝平安夜。

A huge seafood and pasta dinner is tradition for Italians on Christmas Eve, and celebrates the vigil before the midnight birth of the baby Jesus. The tradition of serving seven different seafood dishes stems from the Roman Catholic practice of abstaining from meat on Christmas Eve.
意大利人在平安夜的传统就是一顿丰盛的由海鲜和意大利面组成的晚餐,以及庆祝在午夜诞生的耶稣。这七种不同海鲜菜肴的传统源于罗马天主教在平安夜不吃肉的习俗。


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